Valentine’s Day is in the air—whether we like it or not. Store shelves are stocked with candy hearts, heart-shaped boxes of chocolate, and cards decorated with glittery red and pink hearts in various shapes and sizes. The Museum is offering visitors opportunities to make glass heart beads, heart pendants, and heart-shaped paperweights at The Studio.
We’ve posted on this blog about the symbol of the heart in pressed glass, but one of the first reference questions I fielded as a librarian at the Museum’s Rakow Research Library made me curious about anatomical hearts of glass: Did Leonardo da Vinci actually create a glass model to study how blood moved through the heart’s valves? When I started working at the Library, I wasn’t sure what kinds of questions to expect. This question, however, filled me with excitement and delight.
Leonardo’s anatomical sketches and insights, including those related to the heart, have been a major topic of interest in recent years. A cardiothoracic surgeon has even written a book entitled The Heart of Leonardo. However, there has long been debate about whether Leonardo ever made a heart of glass, or, more precisely, since this is a question about anatomy, whether he ever made a glass model of the aortic valve of an ox. (But it’s a Valentine’s Day heart-themed post, so I’m using a little poetic license!) While some uncertainty remains, several papers in medical and scientific journals suggest that the glass model existed at one time. If you contact the Library, we’d be happy to send you a list of resources on this topic.
Certainly more is known about Leonardo’s glass heart than about the “Hydraulic Skeleton, in Glass, which is kept in continual motion by itself, showing how the blood passes through the different channels of the human frame,” which was advertised as part of Scott’s Splendid Glass Working Exhibition in Miniature to be held in Brighton in 1830 (CGML 138463). Alas, we may never know if this “hydraulic skeleton” incorporated an anatomical heart!
I can, however, share a couple of contemporary anatomical glass hearts with you. First, I would point you toward Icelandic designer Sigga Heimis, who collaborated with GlassLab to design and prototype blown glass hearts, a cheerful antidote to the usual Valentine’s Day fare. Heimis returned to the Museum in December 2018 to demonstrate making glass organs—this time, brain and liver—in the Amphitheater Hot Shop in collaboration with members of the Museum’s Hot Glass Demo team.
For a whimsical take on the anatomical heart, you can watch a Studio Demo by flameworking team Karina Guévin and Cédric Ginart in which they demonstrate their remarkable skills making a goblet out of borosilicate glass that includes a frog holding an anatomical heart. You can see the finished work at about 1:19:20.
For the truly anti-Valentine’s Day crowd, may I suggest the work of multimedia sculptor Nancy Bowen, whose Red Root (2011.4.189) and Running Cold (2011.4.190) feature brains, veins, and arteries, but no heart, anatomical or otherwise, to circulate the blood. While these works succeed in evoking complex emotional and visceral responses, “romance” likely isn’t a word that comes to mind.